Genetics deals with the basic principles of heredity and variations in life. The course helps students to understand the inheritance pattern of nuclear and extra nuclear genes. Plant breeding is a branch of botany that explains the importance of improved/hybrid plant varieties and crop improvement to increase crop production.
To perform “good research” in the natural sciences, the practitioner must draw upon an inquisitive mind, an appreciation of the methods, aims and limitations of science, and, of course, skill in applying the “tools of the trade.”
Plant Anatomy or phytotomy is the general term for the study of the
internal structure of plants. Earlier it included plant
morphology but at present, plant anatomy is considered as a distinct field, and refers to
the internal plant structures. Plant anatomy is now frequently
deals with the cellular level as well, and often involves the sectioning of
tissues and microscopy.
The study of the external structure and form development of plants. It is one of the most important branches of botany. As plant morphology developed, the following independent sciences were established: plant anatomy, which studies the tissue and cell structure of organs; plant embryology, which studies embryo development; , plant taxonomy, which deals with the classification and systematics of plants and cytology, which studies cell structure and development.
Flowers, leaves, stem, fruits are different external organs of a typical plant. Morphology deals with the study of the form, structure and
types of these parts of a plant. This course is designed to know more about these
parts than just how they look and the characteristics
and functions of each of these parts. This course will help students to prepare better to prepare for learning plant taxonomy in the 5th semester
Microbiology is the study of microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, archaea, fungi and protozoa. This discipline includes fundamental research on the biochemistry, physiology, cell biology, ecology, evolution and clinical aspects of microorganisms, including the host response to these agents.